BOSAWÁS BIOSPHERE RESERVE
Located in the northern side of Nicaragua, the Bosawás Biosphere Reserve covers nearly 8,500 square miles. Protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it’s the biggest rainforest in Central America and also the second largest in the western hemisphere in the Biggest Forest of the World.
This humid tropical forest canopies over a hilly terrain– a region that features a biosphere nucleus and a buffer zone. Altogether, it accounts for almost 15% of the total land in Nicaragua.
Bosawás (which was named after the Bocay River, Mount Saslaya, and Waspuk River) was one among three large reserves that resulted from the Sandinista revolution.
The forest is believed to be home to up to 200,000 varieties of insects. Its birds include the elusive Quetzal, Guacamayas (macaws), and Harpy Eagles. It’s also home to Central America’s two big cats, the Jaguar and Puma, also as their favorite dinner, Tapirs.
There are two indigenous tribes who live on the reserve, the Sumos and Miskito people, who still practice farming today. Overall, the reserve features a total population of about 130,000 people.
Amazon Rainforest spreads across a large part of Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, and Suriname, the Amazon Rainforest is the most biodiverse and largest rainforest in the world. It covers approximately 2.2 million square miles.
Collectively, there are over 1,000,000 species accounted for in the dense rainforest vast basin. And who knows what percentage more are still waiting to be discovered?
Unfortunately, deforestation (especially in Brazil) has threatened one among the world’s most famous forests since the start of the 20th century. Yet the Amazon Rainforest basin still immense, stretching over 1200 miles.
The forest is as dense, hot, and potentially dangerous as it is gorgeous . But it’s also a treasure trove of plants and wildlife, like Rosewood, Jaguar, Manatee, and Brazil Nut.
Located along the coastline of Brazil, and stretching across Paraguay and Argentina, the Atlantic Forest, among Forests of the World was once over 500,000 square miles. Unfortunately, only about 15% of the forest– roughly 75,000 square miles– remains intact today.
While that will look like a lot of forest, the problem is that it’s home to a number of the rarest species in the world. it’s also one among the most biodiverse places on the planet.
The Atlantic Forest has over 2,000 species of animals (not counting insects) and is home to over 60% of Brazil’s threatened animals.
That’s not even getting into the fact that 450-plus tree species– over all of the North America’s eastern seaboard– are identified in only 2.5 acres of the Atlantic Forest.
While it may be significantly smaller than the neighboring Amazonian rainforest, the Atlantic Forest is still amongst the world’s largest and most significant forests.
The Valdivian Rainforest is a temperate rainforest in the southern side of South America, between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Coast .It’s ranked among the world’s most beautiful forests because it’s considered a biogeographic island. which means it’s completely separated from other forests, oceans, and desert borders. the realm is believed to have been inhabited by humans as far back as 12,000 BC.
At almost 100,000 square miles, this massive forest is filled with national parks, beaches, rivers, lakes, islands, and hiking trails.
Due to its isolation, there are numerous endemic species that are exclusively found in Valdivia, like primitive marsupials and Pudu, the world’s smallest deer.
There also are many special trees, including the Antarctic beech, Alerce (which is super tall and old), and chile pine trees.
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