Current Affairs 2 Feb
- In an old dispute over 7,000 sq km area along with Karnataka and Maharashtra, the districts of Belagavi, Uttara Kannada, Bidar and Gulbarga, etc are Maratha speaking and Maharashtra wants them to be merged with the state.
- Karnataka has stated that the borders are not flexible and the boundary is not tentative. They state that these areas have more than 50% Kanada speaking population.
- The dispute goes back to 1956 when the state reorganization commission included these states in Karnataka. Ever since the Maharashtra government claims that the Maratha-speaking has outnumbered the Kannada-speaking population.
National Polio Immunisation
- Pulse Polio Immunisation is also known as National Polio Immunisation is a program launched by India in 1995, which is conducted twice in the early part each year.
- The children between the age of 0-5 are given polio drops. Poliomyelitis Polio is an infectious disease that invades the nervous system. There are 3 types of poliovirus- Type 1, Type 2, Type 3.
- In 2014, India was declared polio-free because of no active cases in 3 years. Other diseases that India is able to eradicate are Yaws, Guinea worms, smallpox, Maternal, and neonatal tetanus.
Waste to Energy
- Prime Minister has mentioned in his Mann ki Baat about waste to power plant in Agriculture market in Secunderabad. The plant will be used to generate power using vegetable and fruit waste.
- The plant will be able to generate 500 units of electricity alond with 30kg green manure. All this is achieved using 10 tonnes of left over market waste.
- This will act as clean, reliable and renewable energy sources. Also, it will reduce organic waste to be buried in the landfills.
- The major challenges faced in Waste to Energy are:
- Segregated waste is not easily available.
- High moisture and low calorific value of waste.
- High cost of electricity generated.
- Diificult to seperate once collected together.