The Miombo woodlands cover over 900,000 square miles in Central African Republic . They’re home to many people, and spread across Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe and is one of the Forests of the World.
Although the region is dominated by the Miombo tree, there are over 300 other species of trees and 8500+ differing kinds of plants in Forests of the World. Much of this vegetation goes towards feeding an incredible array of wildlife, including Giraffes, Rhinos, Elephants, and grazing Antelope.
Impressively, most of this massive forest area is still intact. But it’s recently begun to suffer because of the rise in ranching, agriculture, and charcoal production.
Equally (if not more) concerning is that the rise in the illegal poaching of Rhinos and Elephants for his or her horns and ivory tusks. Luckily, numerous conservationist and activist groups have worked to safeguard huge areas of these beautiful forests.
CONGO BASIN FOREST
Home to around 40 million people, the biggest forest in Africa covers much of the continent’s central region (approximately 1.4 million square miles of it).
Countries located within its vast basin include Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Zambia.
Widely considered to be the planet’s “second lung” (along with the Amazon), the Congo’s forest holds around 8% of the world’s forest-based carbon. The basin contains many different ecosystems, including several savanna forests, a coastal forest, three large lowland forests, and a swamp forest.
The diverse array of wildlife species– including Elephants, Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Rhinos, and countless others– are beloved round the world, but increasingly endangered in Forests of the World. There also are over 2000 species of orchids that are endemic to the basin.
Historians believe that the Congo forest has been inhabited for more than 50,000 years, and there are still indigenous tribes here that live hunter-gatherer lifestyles. The forest’s thick canopy of trees towers at around 100 feet, and is usually dense with flora.
KINUBALU NATIONAL PARK
On the northern part of the island of Borneo, Kinubalu park encompasses a region of roughly 300 square miles. Despite being one among the smaller forests on this list, it’s biodiversity and blend of habitats make it an enormous deal.
Kinabalu park is known for its namesake mountain, which, at 13,435 feet, is the tallest one between New Guinea and the Himalayas. With elevations ranging from less than 650 feet up to Mount Kinabalu, the park boasts a very diverse and distinctive collection of plants and animals, including over 1000 species of orchids.
Habitats in Kinabalu vary from tropical lowlands and hill rainforest to sub-alpine forest, which has a fantastic mix of plants found in the Himalayas, Australia, and China. it’s a center of Plant Diversity for Southeast Asia .
Though the park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is thus protected, industrial development has begun to threaten it more in recent years.
The world’s biggest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans encompasses around 38,000 square miles of land and water straddling the border of Bangladesh and northern India.
The forest is called after the sundari tree, the most populous in the area. The forest itself only constitutes about 40% of the area of the Sundarbans: Around 50% of it is water, and the rest is comprised of sand dunes and mudflats. India is diverse in resources, For details of deserts click Here
The Sundarbans park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the late 1980s, and three wildlife sanctuaries established in the Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans were honored in 1997. the whole area is taken into account a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
This area is famously home to the Bengal tiger , and is one among the last protected spaces in Bangladesh for them to live. But the mangrove boasts many other notable animal residents also , including wild boars, Ganges dolphins, cobras, Indian pythons, and crocodiles. It’s also home to over 250 species of birds.
Sumatra’s largest rainforest is comprised of three national parks: Gunung Leuser park , Kerinci Seblat park , and Bukit Barisan Selatan park among Forests of the World. Together, they’re home to almost 10,000 square miles of UNESCO-protected forest.
Sumatra’s rainforests house many rare and endangered species. Noteworthy animals found there include Tigers, Elephants, Orangutans, Clouded Leopards, Sun Bears, and quite few others.
Additionally, the gorgeous forests of Sumatra are still home to numerous nomadic rainforest people that hunt and gather.
Unfortunately, Sumatra’s Rainforest is also among the world’s most endangered forests. In fact, it represents the most rapidly deforested area in the history of the world. Some estimates suggest that over half it has been felled in recent years in the name of making rubber, paper, and vegetable oil plantations.
Other forests will be covered in the next Part. Part 2. Click Here