How to become an IPS officer

Who are an IPS?

IPS stands for Indian Police Service which provides senior-level police leadership in state and in the center. The Imperial Service was started during British rule, after independence, the service became the Indian Police Service.

The service was constituted in article 312 in the year 1950. The other two services are Indian Administrative Service, Indian Forest Service.

How to become an IPS officer?

To become an IPS officer you need to clear the Civil Services Exam which is conducted annually by the Union Public Services Commission.

How to become an IPS officer

Each year around 4 lakh candidates appear for the UPSC exam and the recruitment for various services like IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS is done.

The candidates should be in the age group of 21-32 years and for the reserved category, it is 37 years.

To get into service you have to get through 3 stage selection process, Pre, Mains, and Interview. The next day of the interview is the medical test of those who have cleared the exam.

As this is a technical service, so there is a proper medical test of height and chest girth.

Height and Chest Girth

The minimum height for Men to qualify is 165 cm

Whereas, for women to qualify is 150 cm.

However, age relaxation for men and women is 5 cm.

The chest girth for men is 84 cm

The chest girth for women is 79 cm.

The chest should expand by 5 cm.

How to prepare for IPS

To get into IPS you need to prepare for Civil Service Examination. UPSC conducts this exam each year for 24 services like IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS, and many more. The UPSC civil service exam consists of 3 stages:

  • Preliminary stage (Objective)
  • Mains (Subjective)
  • Interview.

You need a minimum of 10-12 months to prepare well for Civil Service Examination. The preparation model and syllabus for IPS is same as that of IAS.

To see which books need to be studied click here.

Role of IPS officer

An IPS officer can be appointed in an autonomous body, PSUs, UN-organizations, International organizations.

The main and lead roles of an IPS officer include Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.

Officers after attaining several years of experience leads organizations like Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Criminal Investigation Department (CID) etc.


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