National parks in India is an area which is needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment, and where other activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation aren’t permitted. the govt can declare an area as a national park with adequate ecological, geo-morphological and natural significance. In these parks, even private ownership rights aren’t allowed. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed. they’re usually small reserves spreading in an area of 100 sq. km. to 500 sq. km. In national parks, the stress is on the preservation of a single floral or fauna species. because of India’s biodiversity, there’s at least one national park in each state that displays vivid flora and fauna of the region and form forests of the world.

There are a total of 101 existing national parks in India covering an area of approx 40,564.00 km2, which is about 1.23% of the geographic area of the country (According to National Wildlife Database, December, 2019).

National parks in India

National parks in India

Protected Area

State Name

Area Square K.M.
 

Year of Establishment
 

Rajiv Gandhi

Andhra Pradesh

2.30

2005

Papikonda

Andhra Pradesh

1012.86

2008

Sri Venkateswara

Andhra Pradesh

353.62

1989

Mouling

Arunachal Pradesh

483.00

1986

Namdapha

Arunachal Pradesh

1807.82

1983

Campbell

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

426.23

1992

Galathea

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

110.00

1992

Wandoor

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

281.50

1983

Mount Harriett

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

46.62

1987

Rani Jhansi

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

320.06

1996

Saddle Peak

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

32.54

1987

Dibru-Saikhowa

Assam

340.00

1999

Kaziranga

Assam

858.98

1974

Manas

Assam

500.00

1990

Nameri

Assam

200.00

1998

Orang

Assam

78.81

1998

Valmiki

Bihar

335.65

1989

Sanjay

Chhattisgarh

1440.71

1981

Indravati

Chhattisgarh

1258.37

1982

Kangerghati

Chhattisgarh

200.00

1982

Bansda

Gujarat

23.99

1990

Velavadar

Gujarat

34.53

1973

Gir

Gujarat

258.71

1980

Gulf of Kachchh

Gujarat

162.89

1995

Mollem

Goa

107.00

1992

Kalesar

Haryana

46.82

2003

Sultanpur

Haryana

1.43

1989

Great Himalayan

Himachal Pradesh

754.4 

1962

Inderkila

Himachal Pradesh

104.00

2010

Khirganga

Himachal Pradesh

710.00

2010

Pin Valley

Himachal Pradesh

675.00

1958

Simbalbara

Himachal Pradesh
27.88

2010

City Forest

Jammu & Kashmir

9.00

1992

Dachigam

Jammu & Kashmir

141.00

1981

Kistwar

Jammu & Kashmir

425

1981

Palamau

Jharkhand

226.33

1986

Anamudi Shola

Kerala

7.50

2003

Eravikulam

Kerala

97.00

1978

Mathikettan Shola

Kerala

12.82

2003

Pambadum Shola

Kerala

1.32

2003

Periyar

Kerala

350.00

1982

Silent Valley

Kerala

89.52

1984

Anshi

Karnataka

417.34

1987

Bandipur

Karnataka

874.20

1974

Bannerghatta

Karnataka

260.51

1974

Kudremukh

Karnataka

600.32

1987

Nagarahole

Karnataka

643.39

1974

Hemis

Ladakh

3350.00

1981

Chandoli

Maharashtra

317.67

1985

Gugamal

Maharashtra

361.28

1975

Pench

Maharashtra

257.26

1975

Nawegaon

Maharashtra

133.88

1975

Sanjay Gandhi

Maharashtra

86.96

1983

Tadoba

Maharashtra

116.55

1955

Fossil

Madhya Pradesh

0.27

1981

Van Vihar

Madhya Pradesh

4.45

1979

Dinosaur Fossils

Madhya Pradesh

0.8974

Pench

Madhya Pradesh

292.85

1975

Madhav

Madhya Pradesh

375.22

1977

Bandhavgarh

Madhya Pradesh

448.85

1981

Sanjay

Madhya Pradesh

466.88

1981

Panna

Madhya Pradesh

542.67

1975

Satpura

Madhya Pradesh
585.17
1981

Kanha

Madhya Pradesh

940.00

1978

Nokrek

Meghalaya

47.48

1985

Balphakram

Meghalaya

220.00

1986

Murlen

Mizoram

100.00

1991

Phawngpui (Blue Mountain)

Mizoram

50.00

1992

Intanki

Nagaland

202.02

1993

Bhitarkanika

Odisha

145.00

1998

Simlipal

Odisha

845.70

1980

Desert

Rajasthan

3162.00

1992

Keoladeo Ghana
Rajasthan

28.73

1981
Darrah
Rajasthan

200.54

2006

Ranthambore

Rajasthan

282.00

1980

Sariska

Rajasthan

273.80

1992

Khangchendzonga

Sikkim

1784.00

1977

Guindy

Tamil Nadu

2.82

1976

Gulf of Mannar Marine

Tamil Nadu

6.23

1980

Annamalai

Tamil Nadu

117.1

1989

Mudumalai

Tamil Nadu

103.23

1990

Mukurthi

Tamil Nadu

78.46

1990

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy

Telangana

1.43

1994

Mahaveer Harina Vanastha

Telangana

14.59

1994

Mrugavani

Telangana

3.60

1994

Bison (Rajbari)

Tripura

31.63

2007

Clouded Leopard

Tripura

5.08

2007

Buxa NP

West Bengal

117.10
1986

Gorumara

West Bengal

79.45

1992

Jaldapara

West Bengal

216.51

1990

Neora Valley

West Bengal

159.89

1992

Singalila

West Bengal

78.6

1992

Sundarbans

West Bengal

1330.1

1984

Source: ENVIS Centre on Wildlife & Protected Areas