Syllabus for UPSC

Syllabus for UPSC

Syllabus for UPSC is very broad. Before going to see the syllabus let us see the selection process. The Selection process id distributed in 3 stages:

  1. Preliminary
  2. Mains
  3. Interview

Now let us see the syllabus for UPSC.

Civil Services is the most coveted exam of India. Which is conducted by UPSC every year. But not only for IAS but for various services for the Indian government.

  1. Preliminary Exam which is an objective Type Exam is the Qualifying exam for Mains Exam.
  2. The Mains Exam is written and is also qualifying for the Interview.

Preliminary Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Preliminary as the name suggests is the first step of the screening test and is conducted all over India in various test centers. Preliminary Exam consists of 2 exams. Both the exams are objective in nature.

The basic details of the Exams are shared below:

General Studies Paper I Syllabus:

The paper I consists of 100 questions having time of 2 hours to be solved. But the syllabus is very broad covering:

  • Indian and International current affairs
  • Indian History and the struggle of Independence
  • Indian and World Geography
  • Indian Polity and it’s working model.
  • Economic and Social Development
  • Science
  • Topics on bio-diversity, climate change and environment.

General Studies Paper II Syllabus:

The paper II consists of 80 questions. With time to solve is 2 hours for 200 marks. Paper II is not qualifying:

  • Comprehension
  • Logical and Analytical Reasoning
  • Problem solving
  • Sentence formation
  • Blood Relations, Data Interpretation.

Various books and journals are used to cover the syllabus for UPSC. Check the books to prepare for UPSC and Current Affairs.

Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus:

Main exam is conducted for a span of 5 days in which paper is divided into 2 categories- Qualifying and Papers for merit.

Syllabus for UPSC

Qualifying Paper of Indian Language and English:

Paper A Indian Language:

  • Comprehension
  • Writing
  • Translation to English and Vice Versa
  • Precise Writings
  • Short Essay
  • Usage of Language and Vocabulary

Paper B English Language:

Same as that of Indian Language but no translation.

Paper I Essay Writing

  • Candidates are given various topics to write the Essay
  • The purpose is to check the horizons and how precisely one can put their thoughts.
  • The credit will be given only if effective and clear writing is delivered.

Paper II General Studies-I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture with various aspects like Art form, literature from Ancient till modern times.
  • Indian History from 18th century till present. Different events, famous personality, and Issues.
  • Freedom struggle and post independence consolidation.
  • World History from 18th century and various incidents such as world war, revolutions, philosophies, socialism and communism.
  • Indian diversity, Effects on Globalization on India
  • Role of women, urbanization, poverty it’s problems and remedies.
  • World Geography, distribution of natural resources across the globe, Various occurrences like tsunami, Volcanic eruptions, cyclones etc.
  • Social empowerment, religion ism, mythology and secularism.

Paper III General Studies-II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- amendments, basic structure, unpinning basic features.
  • Functions and responsibilities of Center and state, various changes, amendments.
  • Comparing the Indian constitution with other countries.
  • How Parliamentary and State Legislations work, there work, powers functioning.
  • Salient features of representation of peoples act.
  • Appointment of various constitutional posts, bodies and powers of constitutional bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Various government policies, interventions for development across various sectors and areas.
  • Different development processes and development industry- the role of various NGOs, donors, charities and other stake holders.
  • Development and management of various Social sectors like Health, Education and Human resources.
  • Issues of Hunger, poverty and malnutrition.
  • Role of Civil services in democracy.
  • India and her relationship with neighbors
  • Impact of developed countries on India and policy making.

Paper IV General Studies-III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Economy of India, their planning, mobilsation, development and growth.
  • Growth and various issues and problems related with it.
  • Budget and Economic surveys.
  • Cropping patterns in the country; different irrigation types, storage and various technology used in irrigation.
  • Direct and Indirect subsidies; Minimum Support prices, Public distribution system, marketing, limitations and animal rearing it’s economics, functioning.
  • Food processing in India. It’s scope and supply chain management.
  • Land reforms, Liberalization effect on economy in India .
  • Investment models, infrastructure models.
  • Awareness and latest trends in IT, bio-technology, nano tech, robotics, space, science and technology.
  • Conservation of environment, pollution control, degradation.
  • Development and extremism
  • Security challenges, security forces and agencies.

Paper-V: General Studies-IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

  • Ethics and Human Interface.
  • Aptitude and values for civil services, determination, influence and relation with thoughts, moral and social attitudes, political attitudes.
  • Emotional concepts, their uses, how they are applied in administration and governance.
  • How the moral and philosophical thinkers contributes towards society.
  • Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions
  • Concept of public service, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case studies of all the above issues

Paper – VI & VII

A candidate have to opt for any one Optional Subject from the following at the time of filling the form:

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  •  Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  •  Sociology
  •  Statistics
  •  Zoology
  •  Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Each Optional Subject has 2 compulsory papers.

To prepare for UPSC, take a lot of mock tests. You can attempt the Mock Tests .

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